کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4407309 1618806 2016 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Dissipation of pterosin B in acid soils – Tracking the fate of the bracken fern carcinogen ptaquiloside
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
اتلاف pterosin B در خاک های اسیدی - پیگیری سرنوشت تاکیلوزید سرطان زای پرتقال قارچ
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم محیط زیست شیمی زیست محیطی
چکیده انگلیسی


• Pterosin B degraded within days in both loamy sand and sandy loam soils.
• Microbial activity appears to be the main cause of degradation.
• Indications of adapted soil microbiota under bracken.
• Soil degradation of pterosin B as fast as parent compound ptaquiloside.

Bracken ferns (Pteridium spp.) are well-known for their carcinogenic properties, which are ascribed to the content of ptaquiloside and ptaquiloside-like substances. Ptaquiloside leach from the ferns and may cause contamination of drinking water. Pterosin B is formed by hydrolysis of ptaquiloside. In soil, Pterosin B is adsorbed more strongly and it is expected to have a slower turnover than ptaquiloside. We thus hypothesized that pterosin B may serve as an indicator for any past presence of ptaquiloside. Pterosin B degradation was studied in acid forest soils from bracken-covered and bracken-free areas. Soil samples were incubated with pterosin B at 3 and 8 μg g−1 for 10 days, whereas sterile (autoclaved) samples were incubated for 23 days. Pterosin B showed unexpected fast degradation in soils with full degradation in topsoils in 2–5 days. Pterosin B dissipation followed the sum of two-first order reactions. The initial fast reaction with half-lives of 0.7–3.5 h contributed 11–59% of the total pterosin B degradation, while the slow reaction was 20–100 times slower than the fast reaction. Total dissipation half-lives were shorter for loamy sand (4 h) than for sandy loam soils (28 h). No degradation of pterosin B took place under sterile conditions assuming observed dissipation during the first 3 h could be attributed to irreversible sorption. Our results demonstrate that pterosin B is microbially degraded and that pterosin B is as unstable as ptaquiloside and hence cannot be used as an indicator for former presence of ptaquiloside in soil.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Chemosphere - Volume 165, December 2016, Pages 453–459
نویسندگان
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