کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی نسخه تمام متن
4428681 1619797 2013 8 صفحه PDF دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Occasional large emissions of nitrous oxide and methane observed in stormwater biofiltration systems
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم محیط زیست شیمی زیست محیطی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Occasional large emissions of nitrous oxide and methane observed in stormwater biofiltration systems
چکیده انگلیسی

Designed, green infrastructures are becoming a customary feature of the urban landscape. Sustainable technologies for stormwater management, and biofilters in particular, are increasingly used to reduce stormwater runoff volumes and peaks as well as improve the water quality of runoff discharged into urban water bodies. Although a lot of research has been devoted to these technologies, their effect in terms of greenhouse gas fluxes in urban areas has not been yet investigated. We present the first study aimed at quantifying greenhouse gas fluxes between the soil of stormwater biofilters and the atmosphere. N2O, CH4, and CO2 were measured periodically over a year in two operational vegetated biofiltration cells at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. One cell had a saturated zone at the bottom, and compost and hardwood mulch added to the sandy loam filter media. The other cell had no saturated zone and was composed of sandy loam. Similar sedges were planted in both cells. The biofilter soil was a small N2O source and a sink for CH4 for most measurement events, with occasional large emissions of both N2O and CH4 under very wet conditions. Average N2O fluxes from the cell with the saturated zone were almost five-fold greater (65.6 μg N2O–N m− 2 h− 1) than from the other cell (13.7 μg N2O–N m− 2 h− 1), with peaks up to 1100 μg N2O–N m− 2 h− 1. These N2O fluxes are of similar magnitude to those measured in other urban soils, but with larger peak emissions. The CH4 sink strength of the cell with the saturated zone (− 3.8 μg CH4–C m− 2 h− 1) was lower than the other cell (− 18.3 μg CH4–C m− 2 h− 1). Both cells of the biofilter appeared to take up CH4 at similar rates to other urban lawn systems; however, the biofilter cells displayed occasional large CH4 emissions following inflow events, which were not seen in other urban systems. CO2 fluxes increased with soil temperature in both cells, and in the cell without the saturated zone CO2 fluxes decreased as soil moisture increased. Other studies of CO2 fluxes from urban soils have found both similar and larger CO2 emissions than those measured in the biofilter. The results of this study suggest that the greenhouse gas footprint of stormwater treatment warrant consideration in the planning and implementation of engineered green infrastructures.


► First study of greenhouse gas fluxes from a stormwater biofilter.
► Observed occasional large emissions of nitrous oxide and methane.
► Biofilter designs with and without a saturated zone were net sinks for methane.
► Carbon dioxide emissions were four times less than those from lawns.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Science of The Total Environment - Volume 465, 1 November 2013, Pages 64–71
نویسندگان
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