کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی نسخه تمام متن
4439322 1311014 2011 9 صفحه PDF دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Semi-continuous measurement of water-soluble ions in PM2.5 in Jinan, China: Temporal variations and source apportionments
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات علم هواشناسی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Semi-continuous measurement of water-soluble ions in PM2.5 in Jinan, China: Temporal variations and source apportionments
چکیده انگلیسی

To better understand secondary aerosol pollution and potential source regions, semi-continuous measurement of water-soluble ions in PM2.5 was performed from December 2007 to October 2008 in Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province. The data was analyzed with the aid of backward trajectory cluster analysis in conjunction with redistributed concentration field (RCF) model and principal component analysis (PCA). SO42−, NO3− and NH4+ were the most abundant ionic species with annual mean concentrations (±standard deviations) of 38.33 (±26.20), 15.77 (±12.06) and 21.26 (±16.28) μg m−3, respectively, which are among the highest levels reported in the literatures in the world. Well-defined seasonal and diurnal patterns of SO42−, NO3− and NH4+ were observed. The fine sulfate and nitrate oxidation ratios (SOR and NOR) were much higher in summer (SOR: 0.47 ± 0.13; NOR: 0.28 ± 0.03) than those in other seasons (SOR: 0.17–0.30; NOR: 0.12–0.14), indicating more extensive formations of SO42− and NO3− in summer. The most frequent air masses connected with high concentrations of SO42−, NO3− and NH4+ originated from Shandong Province in spring, autumn and winter, while from the Yellow Sea in summer, and then slowly traveled in Shandong Province to Jinan. RCF model indicated that Shandong Province was the main potential source region for SO42− and NO3− and other potential source regions were also identified including the provinces of Hebei, Henan, Anhui and Jiangsu and the Yellow Sea. Principal component analysis indicated that the major sources contributing to PM2.5 pollution were secondary aerosols, coal/biomass burnings and traffic emissions.


► Semi-continuous measurement of water-soluble ions in PM2.5 was conducted in Jinan.
► The annual mean SO42−, NO3− and NH4+ concentrations were almost highest in the literatures in the world.
► The obvious seasonal and diurnal variations were related with local emissions and meteorological conditions.
► The seasonal transport patterns and potential source regions of secondary ions were identified.
► Secondary aerosols, coal/biomass burnings and traffic emissions were the major sources of PM2.5.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Atmospheric Environment - Volume 45, Issue 33, October 2011, Pages 6048–6056
نویسندگان
, , , , , , , , , , , ,