|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4452190||1620721||2016||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• New comprehensive analysis of the multicomponent Stefan flow is given.
• The role of nonstationary heat and diffusion transport equations is shown.
• The relation between the Stefan outflow and cloud expansion is found.
• Numerical illustrations for several vapor–gas mixtures are made.
A new comprehensive analysis of Stefan׳s flow caused by a free growing droplet in the vapor–gas atmosphere with several condensing components is presented. This analysis, based on the nonstationary heat and material balance and diffusion transport equations, shows the appearance of the Stefan inflow in the vicinity of the growing droplet and the Stefan outflow at large distances from the droplet as a consequence of nonisothermal condensation. For an ensemble of droplets in the atmospheric cloud, this outflow provides an increase of the total volume of the cloud, which can be treated as cloud thermal expansion and leads to the rise of the cloud as a whole due to increasing its buoyancy. We have formulated the self-similar solutions of the nonstationary diffusion and heat conduction equations for a growing multicomponent droplet and have derived analytical expressions for the nonstationary velocity profile of Stefan׳s flow and the expansion volume of the vapor–gas mixture around the growing droplet. To illustrate the approach, we computed these quantities in the case of droplet of stationary composition in air with several specific vapors (C2H5OH/H2OC2H5OH/H2O; H2SO4/H2OH2SO4/H2O; H2OH2O).
Journal: Journal of Aerosol Science - Volume 102, December 2016, Pages 72–82