|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4561086||1628466||2016||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• The extraction yield of all-trans-lycopene using IL was up to 17% higher than using acetone.
• Carotenoids extracted using an ultrasound-assisted totally solvent-free have higher stability.
• Antioxidant activity of new carotenoids extract is slightly decreased.
The use of petroleum-derived solvents, particularly volatile organic compounds (VOCs), in the chemical industry has increased the contamination and residual effects of these solvents. Ionic liquids (ILs) can potentially replace VOCs, thereby reducing the risks of environmental contamination and toxicity. In this context, the objectives of this study were as follows: 1 — to obtain an ionic liquid for use in extracting carotenoids from tomatoes with ultrasound assistance; and 2 — to determine the stability and antioxidant activity of tomato carotenoid extracts. Ultrasound can also efficiently extract carotenoid compounds with ionic liquids in comparison with conventional VOC solvents (obtained from an all-trans-lycopene 7.5–8.0 μg·g− 1 tomato sample by IL and 6.2–7.7 μg·g− 1 by acetone). Similarly, the activation energies (Ea) in aqueous medium were obtained for the IL carotenoid extract (10.8 kJ·mol− 1) and acetone carotenoid extract (9.4 kJ·mol− 1). The antioxidant activities of the tomato carotenoid extract were 7.4 and 12.4 relative to α-tocopherol for the ionic liquid extract and acetone extract, respectively. The combination of chromatographic analysis and degradation kinetics provided data for positive assessment similarity of thermal and light stabilities of tomato carotenoids extracted by IL and extracted by acetone.
Journal: Food Research International - Volume 82, April 2016, Pages 156–164