|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4727087||1356360||2014||24 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
There are differences in the style of collisional orogens between the Phanerozoic and the Precambrian, most notably the appearance of blueschists and ultrahigh pressure metamorphic (UHPM) rocks in the geological record since the late Neoproterozoic, whereas these rocks are absent from older orogens. Understanding collisional orogenesis in the context of present-day values for ambient upper-mantle temperature and radiogenic heat production provides a reference from which to extrapolate back to conditions in the Precambrian. To evaluate differences in the way Phanerozoic and Precambrian collisional orogens develop, a series of experiments was run using a 2-D petrological–thermomechanical numerical model in which the collision of spontaneously moving continental plates was simulated for values of ambient upper-mantle temperature and radiogenic heat production increasing from those appropriate to the present-day. Thus, models of modern collisional orogens involving different modes of exhumation of UHPM rocks were extrapolated back to conditions appropriate for the Precambrian. Based on these experiments an increase of the ambient upper-mantle temperature to > 80–100 K above the present-day value leads to two distinct modes of collision that are different from the modern collision regime and for which the terms truncated hot collision regime (strong mafic lower continental crust) and two-sided hot collision regime (weak felsic lower continental crust) are proposed. Some Proterozoic orogens record post-extension thickening to generate counter-clockwise metamorphic P–T paths followed by slow close-to-isobaric retrograde cooling, such as occurred in the Paleoproterozoic Khondalite belt in the North China craton and the late Mesoproterozoic–early Neoproterozoic Eastern Ghats province, part of the Eastern Ghats belt of peninsular India. These orogens have similarities with the truncated hot collision regime in the numerical models, assuming subsequent shortening and thickening of the resulting hot lithosphere. Other Proterozoic orogens are characterized by clockwise looping metamorphic P–T paths and extensive granite magmatism derived from diverse crustal and subcontinental lithospheric mantle sources. These orogens have similarities with the two-sided hot collision regime in the numerical models. Both regimes are associated with shallow slab breakoff that precludes the formation of UHPM rocks. The temperature of the ambient upper-mantle where this transition in geodynamic regimes occurs corresponds broadly to the Neoproterozoic Era.
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► Change in style of orogenesis from the Phanerozoic to the pre-Neoproterozoic.
► Two distinct regimes in the Precambrian: truncated and two-sided hot collision.
► Shallow slab breakoff and underplating of melt-bearing mantle in the Precambrian.
Journal: Gondwana Research - Volume 25, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages 522–545