کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5095471 1376464 2017 41 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
What can we learn about the racial gap in the presence of sample selection?
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
چه چیزی می تواند در مورد شکاف نژادی در حضور انتخاب نمونه یاد بگیرد؟
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه ریاضیات آمار و احتمال
چکیده انگلیسی
We examine the distance and relations between the distributions of wages for two exogenously identified groups (black and white women here). The literature commonly employs decomposition methods for the conditional means, to propose explanations for observed wage differentials, as “structural” components, attributable to difference in market structures, and the “composition” components, attributable to difference in characteristics and skills. Estimation of these components is often hampered by restrictive wage structure assumptions, and sample selection issues (wages are only observed for those working). We address these issues by first utilizing modern strategies in the treatment effects literature to identify the entire distributions of wages and counterfactual wages among working women, which afford a separation of composition and market effects. We avoid restrictive wage structure modeling by nonparametric inverse probability weighting methods. This approach allows for decomposition beyond the gap at the mean, and can deliver distributional statistics of interest, such as inequalities and target quantiles. Accounting for selection, we extend the basic framework to provide a computationally convenient way to identify bounds on the decomposed components for the whole population. We employ these methods to understand the sources and dynamics of the racial gap in the U.S. Our analysis reveals that what may be learned about the racial gap is impacted by labor force participation, and is also sensitive to the choice of population of interest. Our results question what may be gleaned from the commonly reported point estimates when sample selection is neglected.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Econometrics - Volume 199, Issue 2, August 2017, Pages 117-130
نویسندگان
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