کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5480111 1522102 2017 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Improvement in rare earth element recovery from waste trichromatic phosphors by mechanical activation
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
بهبودی در بازیابی عناصر خاکستری نادر از فسفر سه رنگی زباله توسط فعال سازی مکانیکی
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی های تجدید پذیر، توسعه پایدار و محیط زیست
چکیده انگلیسی


- Mechanical activation is provided to pre-treat waste trichromatic phosphors.
- Substantial changes in the physicochemical properties have been revealed.
- Activated sample could easily dissolute in acid solution.
- Rare earth element recovery from activated sample has obvious improvement.

This research introduced a pretreatment process -mechanical activation- for extracting rare earth elements (REE) from waste trichromatic phosphors separated from e-waste. The effects of mechanical activation on the physicochemical properties of waste trichromatic phosphors were investigated using multiple methods by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller measurement (BET), particle size analysis, and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results show that mechanical activation has noticeable effects on the microstructure of waste trichromatic phosphors. Increasing the rotational speed could cause the changes of SA, structural defects, and breakage of the crystalline network, which could significantly improve in REE extraction rates. Specifically, changes in the crystalline degree of disorder caused by mechanical activation played a crucial role in enhancing the REE leachability from waste trichromatic phosphors. In addition, the sulfuric acid leaching behaviors of the activated waste trichromatic phosphors were studied by varying several parameters, including leaching time, liquid-to-solid ratio, acid concentration, heating temperature, and various activation conditions: Y, Eu, and Ce recovery rates reached approximately 96.3%, 91.1%, and 77.3%, respectively, from waste trichromatic phosphors activated for 60 min at the rotational speed of 550 rpm (by ball mill) compared with 46.7%, 42.3%, and 31.2%, respectively, from the raw sample. The method is promising to be put into practice to promote the recycling REE from various waste electric and electronic products.

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Cleaner Production - Volume 151, 10 May 2017, Pages 361-370
نویسندگان
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