کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5561683 1562282 2017 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Varenicline promotes endothelial cell migration by lowering vascular endothelial-cadherin levels via the activated α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-mitogen activated protein kinase axis
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم محیط زیست بهداشت، سم شناسی و جهش زایی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Varenicline promotes endothelial cell migration by lowering vascular endothelial-cadherin levels via the activated α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-mitogen activated protein kinase axis
چکیده انگلیسی


- Varenicline lowers VE-cadherin expression in human endothelial cells (HUVECs).
- Varenicline stimulates migration and MAPK signaling through α7 nAChR in HUVECs.
- Varenicline-induced migration contributes to atherosclerotic aggravation.
- Varenicline may increase the risk of cardiovascular events.

Varenicline is a widely used and effective drug for smoking cessation. Despite its efficacy, varenicline increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. We previously demonstrated that varenicline aggravates atherosclerotic plaque formation in apolipoprotein E knockout mice. However, little is known about its effects in vascular endothelial cells. Therefore, we examined whether varenicline promotes migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) using the Boyden chamber assay. Varenicline (100 μM) markedly promoted migration of HUVECs and decreased expression of vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin, an endothelial adhesion molecule. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling were markedly activated by varenicline. Methyllycaconitine (MLA; 100 nM), an α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) antagonist, but not dihydro-β-erythroidine hydrobromide (DHβE; 20 μM) blocked varenicline-stimulated migration and varenicline-activated ERK, p38 and JNK signaling in HUVECs. MLA (100 nM), PD98059 (an ERK inhibitor; 20 μM), SB203580 (a p38 inhibitor; 20 μM) and SP600125 (a JNK inhibitor; 20 μM) also blocked cell migration and varenicline-induced downregulation of VE-cadherin expression in HUVECs. These findings suggest that varenicline promotes HUVEC migration by lowering VE-cadherin expression due to activated ERK/p38/JNK signaling through α7 nAChR. These processes probably contribute to varenicline-aggravated atherosclerotic plaque. Hence, an increased risk of cardiovascular events upon varenicline treatment might occur and must be considered in patients with cardiovascular diseases.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Toxicology - Volume 390, 1 September 2017, Pages 1-9
نویسندگان
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