کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5723537 1411455 2017 5 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Is the New Heroin Epidemic Really New? Racializing Heroin
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
آیا اپیدمی جدید هروئین واقعا جدید است؟ نژادپرستی هروئین
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کلمات کلیدی
هروئین، بیماری همه گیر، دردسرها، طرف عرضه، تبعیض نژادی،
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی سیاست های بهداشت و سلامت عمومی
چکیده انگلیسی
Heroin abuse as an outcome of the prior use of painkillers increased rapidly over the past decade. This “new epidemic” is unique because the new heroin users are primarily young White Americans in rural areas of virtually every state. This commentary argues that the painkiller-to-heroin transition could not be the only cause of heroin use on such a scale and that the new and old heroin epidemics are linked. The social marketing that so successfully drove the old heroin epidemic has innovated and expanded due to the use of cell-phones, text messaging and the “dark web” which requires a Tor browser, and software that allows one to communicate with encrypted sites without detection. Central city gentrification has forced traffickers to take advantage of larger and more lucrative markets. A second outcome is that urban black and Latino communities are no longer needed as heroin stages areas for suburban and exurban illicit drug distribution. Drug dealing can be done directly in predominantly white suburbs and rural areas without the accompanying violence associated with the old epidemic. Denial of the link between the new and old heroin epidemics racially segregates heroin users and more proactive prevention and treatment in the new epidemic than in the old. It also cuts off a half-century of knowledge about the supply-side of heroin drug dealing and the inevitable public policy measures that will have to be implemented to effectively slow and stop both the old and new epidemic.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of the National Medical Association - Volume 109, Issue 1, Spring 2017, Pages 28-32
نویسندگان
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