|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5750466||1619698||2017||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- Old waste heaps and their surroundings in beech forest were analysed.
- Old heaps contained high concentrations of total and available Cd, Pb, Zn in soil.
- The heaps had high cover and species diversity of understory vegetation.
- Vegetation was probably affected by high pH, Ca and organic C content in heap soil.
- Tree cover related to light availability also influenced understory vegetation.
Metalliferous mining and smelting industries are associated with very high levels of heavy metal(loid) contamination of the environment. Heavy metals have been proved to significantly influence the species diversity and composition of grassland communities, but little is known on their effects on forest understory vegetation.Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the presence of small heaps of waste rock left by historical Zn-Pb ore mining on understory vegetation. The heaps are scattered over vast areas of beech forests in southern Poland. Three types of study plots were established: (1) on waste heaps themselves, (2) in their vicinity (5-10Â m from the foot of the heaps, with no waste rock but potentially influenced by the heaps through drainage water), and (3) at least 100Â m from the foot of the heaps (pseudo-control). In all plots vegetation parameters, i.e., plant species number, cover and community composition, life forms and strategies, as well as basic soil properties were assessed. Although the heaps contained high concentrations of metals, namely Cd, Pb and Zn, they were characterised by higher cover and diversity of understory vegetation, including ancient forest and endangered species, in comparison to their surroundings. They were also characterised by the distinct species composition of their plant communities. This might have resulted from the beneficial influence of high pH and Ca content originating from waste rock composed of dolomite and calcite, as well as from increased habitat heterogeneity, e.g. soil skeleton and steeper slopes. Another important factor influencing the richness and composition of understory was tree cover, which relates to the light transmissibility of the canopy. Our study proved that the disturbance brought about by the former mining and processing of metal ores led to the formation of species-rich understory with high frequency and cover of naturally-valuable species.
Journal: Science of The Total Environment - Volumes 599â600, 1 December 2017, Pages 32-41