کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5750619 1619695 2017 13 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Land-use and fire drive temporal patterns of soil solution chemistry and nutrient fluxes
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
الگوهای استفاده از زمین و آتش سوزی از مواد شیمیایی خاک و مواد مغذی
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم محیط زیست شیمی زیست محیطی
چکیده انگلیسی


- Field study testing the effect of land-use and fire on topsoil water chemistry
- Biweekly tracking of element flux rates in beech forest vs. pasture over 1 yr
- Fire overrides land-use effect on the magnitude and timing of element release
- Fire triggers release of N, S, base cations and particulate OM into the subsurface
- Pasture ecosystems less prone to nutrient losses than forests following fire events

Land-use type and ecosystem disturbances are important drivers for element cycling and bear the potential to modulate soil processes and hence ecosystem functions. To better understand the effect of such drivers on the magnitude and temporal patterns of organic matter (OM) and associated nutrient fluxes in soils, continuous flux monitoring is indispensable but insufficiently studied yet. We conducted a field study to elucidate the impact of land-use and surface fires on OM and nutrient fluxes with soil solution regarding seasonal and temporal patterns analyzing short (< 3 months) and medium-term (3-12 months) effects. Control and prescribed fire-treated topsoil horizons in beech forests and pastures were monitored biweekly for dissolved and particulate OM (DOM, POM) and solution chemistry (pH value, elements: Ca, Mg, Na, K, Al, Fe, Mn, P, S, Si) over one post-fire year. Linear mixed model analyses exhibited that mean annual DOM and POM fluxes did not differ between the two land-use types, but were subjected to strong seasonal patterns. Fire disturbance significantly lowered the annual soil solution pH in both land-uses and increased water fluxes, while DOC fluxes remained unaffected. A positive response of POC and S to fire was limited to short-term effects, while amplified particulate and dissolved nitrogen fluxes were observed in the longer run and co-ocurred with accelerated Ca and Mg fluxes. In summary, surface fires generated stronger effects on element fluxes than the land-use. Fire-induced increases in POM fluxes suggest that the particulate fraction represent a major pathway of OM translocation into the subsoil and beyond. With regard to ecosystem functions, pasture ecosystems were less prone to the risk of nutrient losses following fire events than the forest. In pastures, fire-induced base cation export may accelerate soil acidification, consequently exhausting soil buffer systems and thus may reduce the resilience to acidic depositions and disturbances.

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Science of The Total Environment - Volumes 605–606, 15 December 2017, Pages 514-526
نویسندگان
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