کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6005792 1184670 2016 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Intracortical Inhibition Assessed with Paired-Pulse Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation is Modulated during Shortening and Lengthening Contractions in Young and Old Adults
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
مهار اینتراکتیو بررسی شده با تحریک مغناطیسی ترانس مغناطیسی با زوج پالس در طول کوتاه شدن و طول کشیدن در بزرگسالان جوان و سالم مدولاسیون می شود
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علم عصب شناسی روانپزشکی بیولوژیکی
چکیده انگلیسی


- We used paired-pulse TMS to examine age-related differences in intracortical inhibition (ICI) during shortening and lengthening contractions.
- Short-interval ICI was reduced during both movements in all subjects, with greater reductions observed during lengthening contractions in older adults.
- Long-interval ICI was increased during both movement tasks in young but not old subjects.
- These findings suggest that shortening and lengthening contractions modulate GABAergic inhibition, and that this is altered by healthy ageing.

BackgroundThe modulation of intracortical inhibition is thought to be impaired in older adults, which may contribute to their reduced fine motor control, particularly during lengthening muscle contractions.ObjectiveTo quantify the magnitude of intracortical inhibition and movement performance during postural, shortening and lengthening contractions of a hand muscle in young and old adults.MethodsIn 18 young (23.2 ± 4.2) and 16 old (70.6 ± 6.5) subjects, paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to assess short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and long-interval intracortical inhibition (LICI) during a movement task involving the first dorsal interosseous muscle. The task required a constant load (50 g) to be slowly lifted and lowered using the index finger while single- or paired-pulse TMS was delivered during the shortening or lengthening contraction.ResultsRelative to postural contractions, SICI during shortening contractions was reduced by 29% in young subjects (P < 0.0001) and 43% in old subjects (P < 0.0001), whereas SICI during lengthening contractions was reduced by 11% in young subjects (P = 0.0004) and 33% in old subjects (P < 0.0001). Furthermore, SICI was significantly less in older adults during lengthening contractions (P-values < 0.01). For LICI, inhibition was not influenced by contraction type in old subjects, but was increased by 11% during shortening contractions (P < 0.0001) and by 9% during lengthening contractions in young subjects (P = 0.0008). In addition, old subjects showed significantly less LICI than young subjects in each movement phase (both P-values < 0.05).ConclusionsShortening and lengthening contractions with a constant load are associated with a modulation of GABAergic inhibition that is altered by healthy ageing.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Brain Stimulation - Volume 9, Issue 2, March–April 2016, Pages 258-267
نویسندگان
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