کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
621058 1455156 2016 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Methane decomposition for carbon nanotube production: Optimization of the reaction parameters using response surface methodology
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تجزیه متان برای تولید نانولوله های کربنی: بهینه سازی پارامترهای واکنش با استفاده از روش‌شناسی سطح واکنش
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کلمات کلیدی
نانولوله های کربنی؛ رسوب بخار شیمیایی (CVD)؛ بهینه سازی عملکرد و قطر ؛ روش‌شناسی سطح پاسخ (RSM)
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی تصفیه و جداسازی
چکیده انگلیسی


• CNTs were prepared via methane decomposition in a fluidize bed CVD process.
• The effects of temperature, methane flow rate, and catalyst amount were investigated.
• The process parameters were optimized for smaller diameter and higher yield.
• The TEM and SEM images confirmed the formation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

In this study, the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process in a fluidized bed reactor was employed for the decomposition of methane over a Mo/Ce catalyst. The effects of temperature, flow rate, and catalyst loading parameters on the CNT production have been investigated and optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). The formation of the Mo/Ce catalyst was confirmed using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) was employed to visualize the surface morphology of the obtained catalyst. The XRD patterns suggested a high crystallinity of the prepared catalyst. Small average particle diameter (253 nm) and high surface area (54.4 m2/g) were reported using a particle size analyzer and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller and Barrett–Joyner–Halenda (BET & BJH) analysis, respectively. The SEM micrographs of the nanocarbons deposited via methane decomposition indicated that uniform carbon nanotubes were grown on the surface of the catalyst. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images showed that the carbon nanotubes were multi-walled with an average diameter of ∼18 nm. Raman spectrum was used to evaluate the graphitization degree of the obtained CNTs. The thermal analysis of the nanotubes showed the high oxidation stability of the multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Chemical Engineering Research and Design - Volume 112, August 2016, Pages 163–174
نویسندگان
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