|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|6319599||1619716||2017||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- A simple and effective procedure (LU-IV) was developed for delimiting the NVZ.
- LU-IV procedure combines intrinsic vulnerability and risks associated with land use.
- 100% of the alluvial aquifers were affected by or at risk from nitrate pollution.
- High to extreme vulnerability to NO3-pollution was found in 7% of the territory.
- The current officially designated NVZ should be extended from 328 to 1728Â km2.
This research was undertaken to further our understanding of the factors involved in nonpoint-source nitrate pollution of groundwater. The shortcomings of some of the most commonly used methods for assessing groundwater vulnerability have been analysed and a new procedure that incorporates key improvements has been proposed. The new approach (LU-IV procedure) allows us to assess and map groundwater vulnerability to nitrate pollution and to accurately delimit the Nitrate Vulnerable Zones. The LU-IV procedure proved more accurate than the most widely used methods to assess groundwater vulnerability (DRASTIC, GOD), when compared with nitrate distribution in the groundwater of 46 aquifers included in the study (using the drainage basin as the unit of analysis). The proposed procedure stands out by meeting the following requirements: (1) it uses readily available parameters that provide enough data to feed the model, (2) it excludes redundant parameters, (3) it avoids the need to assign insufficiently contrasted weights to parameters, (4) it assess the whole catchment area that potentially drains N-polluted waters into the receptor aquifer, (5) it can be implemented within a GIS, and (6) it provides a multi-scale representation.As the LU-IV procedure has been demonstrated to be a reliable tool for delimiting NVZ, it could be particularly interesting to use it in countries where certain types of environmental data are either not available or have only limited availability.Based on this study (and according to the LU-IV procedure), it was concluded that an area of at least 1728Â km2 should be considered as NVZ. This sharply contrasts with the current 328Â km2 officially designated in the study area by the Spain's regional administrations. These results highlight the need to redefine the current NVZ designation, which is essential for an appropriate implementation of action programmes designed to restore water quality in line with Directive 91/676/EEC.
Journal: Science of The Total Environment - Volume 575, 1 January 2017, Pages 799-812