کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6353980 1622642 2015 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Construction and demolition waste: Comparison of standard up-flow column and down-flow lysimeter leaching tests
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
زباله های ساخت و ساز و تخریب: مقایسه مقادیر ستون جریان استاندارد و آزمون های لایسیمتر پایین جریان
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات مهندسی ژئوتکنیک و زمین شناسی مهندسی
چکیده انگلیسی
Five samples of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) were investigated in order to quantify leaching of inorganic elements under percolation conditions according to two different experimental setups: standardised up-flow saturated columns (<4 mm particle size) and unsaturated, intermittent down-flow lysimeters (<40 mm particle size). While standardised column tests are meant primarily to provide basic information on characteristic leaching properties and mechanisms and not to reproduce field conditions, the lysimeters were intended to mimic the actual leaching conditions when C&DW is used in unbound geotechnical layers. In practice, results from standardised percolation tests are often interpreted as estimations of actual release from solid materials in percolation scenarios. In general, the two tests yielded fairly similar results in terms of cumulative release at liquid-to-solid ratio (L/S) 10 l·kgTS; however, significant differences were observed for P, Pb, Ba, Mg and Zn. Further differences emerged in terms of concentration in the early eluates (L/S < 5 l·kg−1TS) for Al, As, Ba, Cd, Cu, DOC, Mg, Mn, Ni, P, Pb, Sb, Se, Si, Zn. Observed differences between tests are likely to be due to differences in pH related to crushing and exposure of fresh particle surfaces, as well as in equilibrium conditions. In the case of C&DW, the standardised column tests, which are more practical, are considered to acceptably describe cumulative releases at L/S 10 l·kg−1TS in percolation scenarios. However, when the focus is on estimation of initial concentrations for (for example) risk assessment, data from standardised column tests may not be fully applicable, and data from lysimeters may be used for validation purposes. Se, Cr and, to a lesser extent, SO4 and Sb were leaching from C&DW in critical amounts compared with existing limit values.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Waste Management - Volume 43, September 2015, Pages 386-397
نویسندگان
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