کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی نسخه تمام متن
636171 1456115 2010 10 صفحه PDF دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Effects of annealing on the microstructure and performance of cellulose acetate membranes for pressure-retarded osmosis processes
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی تصفیه و جداسازی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Effects of annealing on the microstructure and performance of cellulose acetate membranes for pressure-retarded osmosis processes
چکیده انگلیسی

The effects of annealing on the microstructure and performance of cellulose acetate (CA) forward osmosis (FO) hollow fiber membranes have been studied. The mean pore radius decreases from 0.63 nm to 0.39, 0.36, 0.30 and 0.30 upon annealing at 70, 80, 85 and 90 °C, respectively. The density of free volume in the depth range of 0.31–1.33 μm significantly decreases with depth with annealing at 80 °C. Annealing causes the shrinkage of both the voids between nodule aggregates and the spaces between intra-molecular chain segments. At depths greater than 0.31 μm, the amount of large cavities increases for all the membranes and its increase are greater for the membranes annealed at 85 and 90 °C. The free volume radius and total free volume at a depth of 0.1 μm increase with increasing annealing temperature. The amount of free volume at 0.1 μm depth slightly decreases upon annealing at 70 and 80 °C but increases upon annealing at higher temperatures. In the pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) process, the CA membrane annealed at 80 °C exhibits the highest water flux of 30.98 L m−2 h−1 (LMH) with a salt leakage of 0.37 g m−2 h−1 (gMH) using 2.0 M MgCl2 as the draw solution.

Research highlights▶ The mean pore radius of CA FO membranes decreases upon annealing. ▶ Annealing causes shrinkage of voids between nodule aggregates. ▶ The free volume at a depth of 0.1 μm increases during annealing. ▶ Annealed CA FO membranes show high water flux and very low salt leakage.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Membrane Science - Volume 364, Issues 1–2, 15 November 2010, Pages 344–353
نویسندگان
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