کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6427311 1634706 2016 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
The impact of degassing on the oxidation state of basaltic magmas: A case study of KÄ«lauea volcano
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات علوم زمین و سیاره ای (عمومی)
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
The impact of degassing on the oxidation state of basaltic magmas: A case study of KÄ«lauea volcano
چکیده انگلیسی


- Strong correlation between the melt oxidation state and volatile content at KÄ«lauea volcano.
- The degassing of sulfur species only has a detectable influence on basaltic melts oxidation state.
- The oxidation state of KÄ«lauea's mantle source is more oxidised than previously recognised, close to the NNO buffer.

Volcanic emissions link the oxidation state of the Earth's mantle to the composition of the atmosphere. Whether the oxidation state of an ascending magma follows a redox buffer - hence preserving mantle conditions - or deviates as a consequence of degassing remains under debate. Thus, further progress is required before erupted basalts can be used to infer the redox state of the upper mantle or the composition of their co-emitted gases to the atmosphere. Here we present the results of X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy at the iron K-edge carried out for a series of melt inclusions and matrix glasses from ejecta associated with three eruptions of KÄ«lauea volcano (Hawai'i). We show that the oxidation state of these melts is strongly correlated with their volatile content, particularly in respect of water and sulfur contents. We argue that sulfur degassing has played a major role in the observed reduction of iron in the melt, while the degassing of H2O and CO2 appears to have had a negligible effect on the melt oxidation state under the conditions investigated. Using gas-melt equilibrium degassing models, we relate the oxidation state of the melt to the composition of the gases emitted at KÄ«lauea. Our measurements and modelling yield a lower constraint on the oxygen fugacity of the mantle source beneath KÄ«lauea volcano, which we infer to be near the nickel nickel-oxide (NNO) buffer. Our findings should be widely applicable to other basaltic systems and we predict that the oxidation state of the mantle underneath most hotspot volcanoes is more oxidised than that of the associated lavas. We also suggest that whether the oxidation states of a basalt (in particular MORB) reflects that of its source, is primarily determined by the extent of sulfur degassing.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Earth and Planetary Science Letters - Volume 450, 15 September 2016, Pages 317-325
نویسندگان
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