|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|6427613||1634717||2016||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- Numerical modelling of mantle convection with melting-induced crustal production.
- Melting-induced crustal production influences plate tectonics on Earth-like planets.
- Melting-induced crustal production strongly enhances the mobility of the lid.
- Eruption rate and boundary layer theory provide a new lithosphere thickness scaling.
- A thick basalt-enriched lithosphere is potentially unstable and might resurface.
Within our Solar System, Earth is the only planet to be in a mobile-lid regime. It is generally accepted that the other terrestrial planets are currently in a stagnant-lid regime, with the possible exception of Venus that may be in an episodic-lid regime. In this study, we use numerical simulations to address the question of whether melting-induced crustal production changes the critical yield stress needed to obtain mobile-lid behaviour (plate tectonics). Our results show that melting-induced crustal production strongly influences plate tectonics on Earth-like planets by strongly enhancing the mobility of the lid, replacing a stagnant lid with an episodic lid, or greatly extending the time in which a smoothly evolving mobile lid is present in a planet. Finally, we show that our results are consistent with analytically predicted critical yield stress obtained with boundary layer theory, whether melting-induced crustal production is considered or not.
Journal: Earth and Planetary Science Letters - Volume 439, 1 April 2016, Pages 18-28