کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6465104 1422951 2017 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Adsorption of 4-chlorophenol and aniline by nanosized activated carbons
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
جذب 4-کلروفنل و آنیلین توسط کربن فعال ناخالص
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی مهندسی شیمی (عمومی)
چکیده انگلیسی


- NACs have sorption capacity 10-100 times > other nano sorbents for 4-CP and aniline.
- NACs have large SSAs (900 m2/g) and microporosities (65% v/v).
- Adsorption follows pseudo-second-order rate model and Freundlich isotherm.
- Adsorption mechanism and effects of pH, T, and ionic strength were investigated.
- Highly stable and adsorptive NACs are potentially suited for groundwater remediation.

Reactive solids injected into aquifers for in situ groundwater remediation should possess both high mobility and great reactivity or adsorption for targeted contaminants. We have shown in a prior study that nanosized activated carbons (NACs) had strong colloidal stability in aquatic environments. The present study investigated the adsorption behavior for the four NACs and two typical aromatic contaminants, 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) and aniline. The adsorption capacities measured for the NACs were compared with those reported for other nanosized adsorbents which were considered as potential candidates for groundwater remediation. Our results indicated that NACs had large specific surface areas (SSAs) and microporosities, and exhibited rapid rates of adsorption that could be quantified with both the pseudo-second-order rate equation and the intra-particle diffusion model. The adsorption equilibria were adequately described with the Freundlich isotherm equation, and hydrophobic interactions were likely the dominating mechanism for the adsorption. The adsorption processes were influenced by solution pH and temperature, whereas background electrolytes showed negligible effect. The tested NACs exhibited adsorption capacities 10-100 times greater for the respective adsorbates when compared to other carbonaceous nano-adsorbents such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene derivatives. Such strong adsorbability, along with their high colloidal stability, makes NACs potentially suitable for remedy of aquifers contaminated with organic pollutants.

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal - Volume 327, 1 November 2017, Pages 941-952
نویسندگان
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