کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
65560 48396 2014 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Selective conversion of m-cresol to toluene over bimetallic Ni–Fe catalysts
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی کاتالیزور
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Selective conversion of m-cresol to toluene over bimetallic Ni–Fe catalysts
چکیده انگلیسی


• Ni–Fe catalysts are selective for cresol-to-toluene reaction at all conversions.
• Fe oxophilicity enhances chemoselective hydrogenation of ketone intermediate.
• Without Fe, the Ni catalyst preferentially hydrogenates the ring.
• Unreduced Fe and/or Ni cations are responsible for transalkylation side reaction.
• Tautomerization mechanism does not require C(sp2) direct deoxygenation.

The catalytic conversion of m-cresol in the presence of H2 has been investigated on SiO2-supported Ni, Fe, and bimetallic Ni–Fe catalysts at 300 °C and atmospheric pressure. Over the monometallic Ni catalyst, the dominant product is 3-methylcyclohexanone while 3-methylcyclohexanol and toluene appear in smaller amounts, even at high conversions. By contrast, on Fe and Ni–Fe bimetallic catalysts, the dominant product is toluene while the hydrogenation products (3-methylcyclohexanone and 3-methylcyclohexanol) are practically negligible in the entire range of conversions.To explain these differences, we have proposed a deoxygenation path that starts with the tautomerization of m-cresol to an unstable ketone intermediate (3-methyl-3,5-cyclohexadienone). The fate of this intermediate is determined by the ability of the catalyst to either hydrogenate the carbonyl group or the ring. The former would mostly occur on Fe and Ni–Fe catalysts that contain an oxophilic metal (Fe), while the latter would occur on Ni, which has a higher affinity for the aromatic ring.Hydrogenation of the carbonyl group produces a very reactive unsaturated alcohol (3-methyl-3,5-cyclohexadienol), which can be easily dehydrated to toluene. This would explain the high selectivity of Fe and Ni–Fe to toluene. By contrast, hydrogenation of the ring would result in 3-methylcyclohexanone, which can be further hydrogenated to 3-methylcyclohexanol. On supports that contain acid sites, which are active for dehydration, the formation of toluene would occur via dehydration of the alcohol and subsequent dehydrogenation. On the catalysts investigated in this work, dehydration of the corresponding alcohol does not occur, so the only path to toluene is via hydrogenation of the carbonyl of the unstable ketone intermediate.In addition, to the products mentioned above, xylenol is also observed in significant yields, which indicate that transalkylation of m-cresol is another reaction path occurring on these catalysts.

Figure optionsDownload high-quality image (70 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical - Volumes 388–389, July 2014, Pages 47–55
نویسندگان
, , , , , ,
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت