کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
7962985 1514138 2018 24 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Fretting wear comparison of cladding materials for reactor fuel cladding application
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
مقایسه پوشش پوششی مواد روتختی برای کاربرد روکش فلزی راکتور
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی هسته ای و مهندسی
چکیده انگلیسی
Relative motion between the fuel rods and fuel assembly spacer grids can lead to excessive fuel rod wear and, in some cases, to fuel rod failure. Based on industry data, such grid-to-rod-fretting is a significant cause of fuel failures in U.S. pressurized water reactor power plants. Kanthal advanced powder metallurgy technology or APMT, an FeCrAl steel alloy, and a braided SiC fiber, Chemical Vapor Infiltration SiC matrix (SiC/SiC) cladding by General Atomics are possible alternatives to conventional fuel cladding in a nuclear reactor due to their favorable performance under accident conditions. Tests were performed to examine the reliability of the cladding candidates and a conventional cladding, Zircaloy-4, under dry fretting conditions at elevated temperature. The contact was simulated with a rectangular and a cylindrical specimen over a line contact area. Confocal scanning laser microscopy was used to obtain a 3D map of the surface, which was in turn used for wear and work rate calculations on the samples. The wear rate coefficient was used as a measure of the performance and wear under fretting. Additionally, Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy was performed to qualitatively describe the microchemical changes the material undergoes during fretting. While APMT steel and SiC/SiC can perform favorably in loss of coolant accident scenarios, they also need to perform well when compared to Zircaloy-4 with respect to fretting wear. Wear coefficient measurements showed that APMT steel performs favorably in comparison to Zircaloy-4 with respect to fretting wear.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Nuclear Materials - Volume 508, September 2018, Pages 505-515
نویسندگان
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