کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8054700 1519491 2018 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Characterisation of pig manure for methane emission modelling in Sub-Saharan Africa
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
مشخصات کود نیتروژن برای مدل سازی انتشار متان در کشورهای جنوب صحرای آفریقا
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کلمات کلیدی
خوک، کود کشاورزی، جامدات فرار، متان، انتشارات، مدل،
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه سایر رشته های مهندسی کنترل و سیستم های مهندسی
چکیده انگلیسی
There is limited information in the literature regarding models or direct measurements of CH4 emissions from the rapidly growing pig industry in Sub-Saharan Africa. Measurements were conducted in pig fattening barns with slated and concreted floors in Cameroon to measure manure parameters and to subsequently model CH4 emissions. Each barn was partitioned into pens containing pigs of a similar body mass range. Manure, collected over 24 h from each pen was weighed to calculate the average daily production per pig. Manure collected from each pen was mixed homogenously, subsampled into 60 ml vials for subsequent analyses of its moisture, dry matter (DM), ash and volatile solid (VS) contents. The daily VS excretion rate was used to model CH4 production. On average, a 50 kg pig produced about 3 kg of manure day−1, of which 2.09 kg (∼70%) was the moisture content and 0.91 kg (∼30%) was the DM. The ash content of the manure was 17% DM (0.14 kg pig−1 day−1) while the VS was 83% DM (0.77 kg pig−1 day−1). A 28 kg pig produced about 0.21 kg VS pig−1 day−1, which is lower than the 0.30 kg VS pig−1 day−1 value recommended by IPCC, 2006 for Africa. The average CH4 production rate was estimated as 1.68 ± 1.14 kg pig−1 day−1. Exponential equations with coefficients of determinations (R2) > 88% were used to describe the relationships between manure, DM and VS excretion rates, as well as CH4 production rates as a function of the mass of the pigs.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Biosystems Engineering - Volume 170, June 2018, Pages 31-38
نویسندگان
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