کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8340844 1541266 2018 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Attenuated cutaneous microvascular function in healthy young African Americans: Role of intradermal l-arginine supplementation
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
عملکرد ملکولی پوستی آسیب پذیر در جوانان آفریقایی آمریکایی سالم: نقش مکمل ال-آرژنین درون پوستی
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری بیوشیمی، ژنتیک و زیست شناسی مولکولی زیست شیمی
چکیده انگلیسی
It has been established that endothelial function in conduit vessels is reduced in young African Americans (AA) relative to Caucasian Americans (CA). However, less is known regarding endothelial function in microvasculature of young AA. We hypothesized that microvascular function in response to local heating of skin is attenuated in young AA relative to age-matched CA due largely to the lack of NO bioavailability, which is in turn improved by intradermal l-arginine supplementation and/or inhibition of arginase. Nine AA and nine CA adults participated in this study. Participants were instrumented with four microdialysis membranes in the cutaneous vasculature of one forearm and were randomly assigned to receive 1) lactated Ringer's solution as a control site; 2) 20 mM NG-nitro-l-arginine (l-NAME) to inhibit NO synthase activity; 3) 10 mM l-arginine to local supplement l-arginine; or 4) a combination of 5.0 mM (S)-(2‑boronoethyl)-l-cysteine-HCL (BEC) and 5.0 mM Nω-hydroxy-nor-l-arginine (nor-NOHA) at a rate of 2.0 μl/min to locally inhibit arginase activity. Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was calculated as red blood cell flux divided by mean arterial pressure. All CVC data were presented as a percentage of maximal CVC (%CVCmax) that was determined by maximal cutaneous vasodilation induced by 44 °C heating plus sodium nitroprusside administration. The response during the 42 °C local heating plateau was blunted in the AA at the control site (CA: 84 ± 12 vs. AA: 62 ± 6 vs. %CVCmax; P < 0.001). This response was improved in AA at the l-arginine site (Control: 62 ± 6 vs. l-arginine: 70 ± 18%CVCmax; P < 0.05) but not in the arginase inhibited site (Control: 62 ± 6 vs. Arginase inhibited: 62 ± 13%CVCmax; P = 0.91). In addition, the AA group had an attenuated NO contribution to the plateau phase during 42 °C local heating relative to the CA group (CA: 56 ± 14 vs. AA: 44 ± 6 Δ %CVCmax; P < 0.001). These findings suggest that 1) cutaneous microvascular function in response to local heating is blunted in young AA when compared to age-matched young CA; 2) this attenuated response is partly related to decrease in NO bioavailability in young AA; and 3) a local infusion of l-arginine, but not arginase inhibition, improves cutaneous microvascular responses to local heating in young AA relative to CA.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Microvascular Research - Volume 118, July 2018, Pages 1-6
نویسندگان
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