کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8855799 1619129 2018 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Contamination of agricultural soil by urban and peri-urban highways: An overlooked priority?
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
آلودگی خاک های کشاورزی توسط بزرگراه های شهری و شهری: یک اولویت نادیده گرفته شده است؟
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کلمات کلیدی
غذای شهری، خاک آلودگی، بزرگراه، جاده،
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم محیط زیست شیمی زیست محیطی
چکیده انگلیسی
Highways are major, open and dynamic sources of contaminants that present a risk to adjacent agricultural soils. Urban and peri-urban soils are particularly at risk because of a greater density of nearby highways with high traffic volumes. In developing economies, these soils support valuable food production and income, while in more developed economies there is a growing interest in urban food production. This commentary highlights the need to better characterise the sources, pathways to and impacts of highway contaminants on agricultural soils and it suggests research priorities. Soil contamination from highways includes metals, toxic organic pollutants and plastics (including large amounts of tyre dust). Contaminants from vehicle emissions and from wear of vehicles and highways are transferred to soil in airborne particulates, dust, splash, spray and runoff. Contamination is greatest near to the highway edge but can extend to >50m. Levels of metals including As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni, Zn in some soils adjacent to highways may exceed thresholds above which there is a potential risk of harm to food production. Elevated levels of non-threshold carcinogens (e.g. polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)) in soil adjacent to highways are widely reported, with significant attribution to highway emissions. Mitigation options include improved vehicle design and performance, porous asphalt pavements, physical and vegetative barriers and better drainage. Research priorities include: (1) targeted soil monitoring to identify where highway contamination already presents a significant risk of harm to food production and to identify and assess trends in response to mitigation measures; (2) studies to assess the role of tyre particulate in transporting and releasing contaminants that are hazardous to soil (3) assessment of the risk to soil from pesticides used in highway maintenance; (4) analysis to inform a new emphasis on controlling soil pollution by innovative highway design and maintenance.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Environmental Pollution - Volume 242, Part B, November 2018, Pages 1331-1336
نویسندگان
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