|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|952215||1476015||2016||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• City-level sex ratios have an independent effect on male and female smoking prevalence.
• We highlight different pathways by which urban sex ratios may influence smoking.
• Male cultural norms are the most likely cause of gender differences in smoking in China.
• Tobacco control policies in China need to be aware of changing gender roles.
ObjectiveAlthough gender differences in smoking have received much attention, few studies have explored the importance of contextual effects on male and female smoking rates. The aim of this study is to examine the association between variations in city-level sex ratios and gender differences in smoking in China.MethodsParticipants included 16,866 urban residents, who were identified through multi-stage sampling conducted in 21 Chinese cities.ResultsThe study found that, independent of personal characteristics, cities with more males had higher male smoking rates and lower female rates.ConclusionsOur research underscores the importance of city-level contextual effects in understanding gender differences in smoking in China.
Journal: Social Science & Medicine - Volume 154, April 2016, Pages 9–17