کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
984549 934328 2014 14 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Multinational subsidiary knowledge protection—Do mandates and clusters matter?
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
حفاظت از دانش تابعه چند ملیتی - آیا تعهدات و خوشه ها مهم هستند؟
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کلمات کلیدی
حفاظت از دانش؛ شرکت های چند ملیتی؛ اختراعات
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم انسانی و اجتماعی مدیریت، کسب و کار و حسابداری کسب و کار و مدیریت بین المللی
چکیده انگلیسی


• We analyze knowledge protection intensity of multinational firms using representative database for Germany.
• We argue that knowledge protection intensity is determined by MNC subsidiary mandates and by opportunities and risks originating from the host region.
• We find that not just competence-creating but also competence-exploiting mandates increase knowledge protection intensity.
• We also find that MNC subsidiaries’ knowledge protection strategies are more sensitive to the opportunities than to the risks associated with their location.

International knowledge spillovers, especially through multinational companies (MNCs), have recently been a major topic of academic and management debate. However, most studies treat MNC subsidiaries as relatively passive actors. We challenge this assumption by investigating the drivers of knowledge protection intensity of MNC subsidiaries. We argue that knowledge protection intensity is determined by MNC subsidiary mandates and by opportunities and risks originating from the host region. We hypothesize that not just competence-creating but also competence-exploiting mandates increase knowledge protection intensity. In addition, technological cluster regions in the host country can be expected to provide opportunities for knowledge sourcing and MNC subsidiaries may be willing to protect knowledge less intensively to participate in cluster networks. We test our hypotheses using a dataset of 694 observations of 631 MNC subsidiaries in Germany and develop recommendations for research, managers and policy makers.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Research Policy - Volume 43, Issue 8, October 2014, Pages 1320–1333
نویسندگان
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