کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی نسخه تمام متن
1317808 1499479 2012 8 صفحه PDF دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Ni2 +-activated glyoxalase I from Escherichia coli: Substrate specificity, kinetic isotope effects and evolution within the βαβββ superfamily
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه شیمی شیمی معدنی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Ni2 +-activated glyoxalase I from Escherichia coli: Substrate specificity, kinetic isotope effects and evolution within the βαβββ superfamily
چکیده انگلیسی

The Escherichia coli glyoxalase system consists of the metalloenzymes glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II. Little is known regarding Ni2 +-activated E. coli glyoxalase I substrate specificity, its thiol cofactor preference, the presence or absence of any substrate kinetic isotope effects on the enzyme mechanism, or whether glyoxalase I might catalyze additional reactions similar to those exhibited by related βαβββ structural superfamily members. The current investigation has shown that this two-enzyme system is capable of utilizing the thiol cofactors glutathionylspermidine and trypanothione, in addition to the known tripeptide glutathione, to convert substrate methylglyoxal to non-toxic d-lactate in the presence of Ni2 + ion. E. coli glyoxalase I, reconstituted with either Ni2 + or Cd2 +, was observed to efficiently process deuterated and non-deuterated phenylglyoxal utilizing glutathione as cofactor. Interestingly, a substrate kinetic isotope effect for the Ni2 +-substituted enzyme was not detected; however, the proton transfer step was observed to be partially rate limiting for the Cd2 +-substituted enzyme. This is the first non-Zn2 +-activated GlxI where a metal ion-dependent kinetic isotope effect using deuterium-labelled substrate has been observed. Attempts to detect a glutathione conjugation reaction with the antibiotic fosfomycin, similar to the reaction catalyzed by the related superfamily member FosA, were unsuccessful when utilizing the E. coli glyoxalase I E56A mutein.

Thiol cosubstrate/cofactor preference, aldehyde substrate kinetic isotope effects and alternate enzymatic activities were investigated for the Ni2 +-activated Escherichia coli glyoxalase I metalloenzyme.Figure optionsDownload as PowerPoint slide

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry - Volume 108, March 2012, Pages 133–140
نویسندگان
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