|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|145252||456336||2016||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• SO2 adsorption properties of activated carbon fibers (ACFs) were studied based on N2 plasma treatment.
• The nitrogen functional groups, especially quaternary nitrogen groups were successfully introduced on the ACFs surface.
• Quaternary nitrogen groups were employing a semi-ionic introduction with SO2 molecules.
• Pyridine N-oxide (N-X) functional group exhibited acidic properties and had a neutralizing effect on the ACFs’ surface.
The mechanisms of the SO2 adsorption properties of activated carbon fibers (ACFs) after plasma treatment were studied. The surfaces of the ACFs were modified by a plasma treatment using N2 gas to enhance the SO2 adsorption of the fibers based on the effects of introduced nitrogen functional groups, especially quaternary nitrogen groups. Through the comparative analysis of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), especially the N1s component and SO2 adsorption data, quaternary nitrogen groups were determined to be effectively introduced onto the surface of the ACFs. SO2 molecules have lone pair electrons and attach themselves to the ACFs’ pores as the concentration of quaternary nitrogen increases. However, the pyridine N-oxide (N-X) functional group exhibited acidic properties and had a neutralizing effect on the ACF surfaces, reducing the strength of electrostatic interactions with the SO2 molecules. These types of mechanisms are proved by various physicochemical and electrical characterizations, especially the SO2 sensing capability of plasma-treated ACFs. The reversible sensing indicates that N2 plasma treatment changed the electrical properties of the carbon sample, leading to an intriguing sensing mechanism.
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal - Volume 306, 15 December 2016, Pages 260–268