|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|150065||456443||2012||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
We present a numerical study of chaotic advection and mixing in a spatially periodic, three-dimensional flow. The flow inside a cylindrical tube, into which one or more Kenics KM static mixer elements are inserted to promote mixing, is studied by solving the momentum equations numerically and then applying tools for analysis of mixing in time-periodic two-dimensional and three-dimensional chaotic flows. It is found that for this particular static mixer geometry, the initial location of a blob of dye is important for its spreading over the cross section of the tube only in the first few mixing elements, its influence decreases afterwards. The influence of the Reynolds number on mixing is mainly a finer grain of the resulting mixture, this is visible after several elements. A symmetry breaking modification of the standard Kenics KM static mixer geometry is suggested and subject to the same analysis as the original geometry. A slight improvement in the mixing efficiency is obtained with the modified geometry: it increases the extensional efficiency and gives a more homogeneous distribution of the stretching rates.
► Mixing in the Kenics KM static mixer is studied numerically for Re numbers up to 100.
► Mixing in this 3D spatially periodic flow is driven by chaotic advection.
► Mixing is studied using numerical experiments of particle tracking and tracer injection.
► A symmetry breaking modification of the standard Kenics geometry is suggested.
► The new geometry increases the extensional efficiency and slightly enhances the mixing.
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal - Volume 187, 1 April 2012, Pages 289–298