کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
1737772 1521582 2016 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Assessment of soil redistribution rates by 137Cs and 210Pbex in a typical Malagasy agricultural field
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
ارزیابی میزان توزیع مجدد خاک توسط 137Cs و 210Pbex در یک مزرعه کشاورزی معمولی ماداگاسكی
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کلمات کلیدی
خاک فرسایش؛ سزیم-137؛ Pb-210؛ ماداگاسکار
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی هسته ای و مهندسی
چکیده انگلیسی


• A pioneer test of radioisotopic techniques under Madagascar agroclimatic condition for estimating soil erosion magnitude.
• Cs-137 and Pb-210ex Mass Balance Models (MBM) conjointly used to highlight timescale discrimination of erosion process.
• Timescale discrimination suggests significant increase of erosion magnitude during the last 50 years.
• Estimated erosion rates above 10 t ha−1 yr−1 indicate a clear threat for the sustainability of Malagasy soil resources.
• Findings indicate the potential of using jointly Cs-137 and Pb-210ex under local agroecological conditions.

Soil degradation processes affect more than one-third of the Malagasy territory and are considered as the major environmental threat impacting the natural resources of the island. This innovative study reports about a pioneer test and use of radio-isotopic techniques (i.e. Cs-137 and Pb-210ex) under Madagascar agroclimatic condition to evaluate soil erosion magnitude. This preliminary investigation has been conducted in a small agricultural field situated in the eastern central highland of Madagascar, 40 km East from Antananarivo. Both anthropogenic Cs-137 and geogenic Pb-210 soil tracers provided similar results highlighting soil erosion rates reaching locally 18 t ha−1 yr−1, a level almost two times higher than the sustainable soil loss rate under Madagascar agroclimatic condition. The sediment delivery ratio established with both radiotracers was above 80% indicating that most of the mobilized sediment exits the field.Assessing soil erosion rate through fallout radionuclides in Madagascar is a first step towards an efficient land and water resource management policy to optimise the effectiveness of future agricultural soil conservation practices.

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity - Volume 152, February 2016, Pages 112–118
نویسندگان
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