|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1776165||1523599||2016||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Detection limit of optical depth for LIDAR is 1.5, while it is 0.3 for MWCR.
• The joint method is provided to obtain cirrus macrophysical properties.
• The mean cloud base height and thickness of cirrus are 6.5±0.8 km and 2.1±1.1 km, respectively.
Cirrus plays an important role in the regulation of the Earth-atmosphere radiation budget. The joint observation using both the LIght Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) and Millimeter-Wave Cloud RADAR (MWCR) was implemented in this study to obtain properties of cirrus at Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) mobile facility in Shouxian (32.56°N, 116.78°E, 21 m above sea level), China during May–December 2008. We chose the simultaneous measurements of LIDAR and MWCR with effective data days, and the days must with cirrus. Hence, the cirrus properties based on 37 days of data between October 18th and December 13th, 2008 were studied in the present work. By comparing the LIDAR data with the MWCR data, we analyzed the detection capabilities of both instruments quantitatively for measuring the cirrus. The LIDAR cannot penetrate through the thicker cirrus with optical depth (τ) of more than 1.5, while the MWCR cannot sense the clouds with an optical depth of less than 0.3. Statistical analysis showed that the mean cloud base height (CBH) and cloud thickness (CT) of cirrus were 6.5±0.8 km and 2.1±1.1 km, respectively. Furthermore, we investigated three existing inversion methods for deriving the ice water content (IWC) by using the separate LIDAR, MWCR, and the combination of both, respectively. Based on the comparative analysis, a novel joint method was provided to obtain more accurate IWC. In this joint method, cirrus was divided into three different categories according to the optical depth (τ≤0.3, τ≥1.5, and 0.3<τ<1.5). Based on the joint method used in this study, the mean IWC was calculated by means of the statistics, which showed that the mean IWC of cirrus was 0.011±0.008 g m−3.
Journal: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics - Volume 148, October 2016, Pages 64–73