|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1883511||1533525||2014||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• We report the radioactivity level of main building materials of China.
• The radiation hazards of building materials are evaluated.
• Roof tile and glazed tile should be limited to use in construction of buildings.
• Monitoring on radioactivity level of cement made from fly ash should be intensified.
The concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in the commonly used building materials of Weinan, China were measured using γ-ray spectrometry. The associated radiological hazards of natural radioactivity in the studied materials were evaluated by radium equivalent activity, external hazard index, internal hazard index, indoor air absorbed dose rate and annual effective dose rate. The measurement results show that the natural radionuclides contents of the studied building materials are in the range of Chinese soil values. The radium equivalent activity and external hazard index values of glazed tile are close to or higher than the recommended limit. The internal hazard index values and the annual effective dose rate values of roof tile, glazed tile and some cement samples made from fly ash are close to or higher than unity and 1 mSv y−1, respectively. The study shows that roof tile and glazed tile should be limited to use in the construction of building and the monitoring on the natural radioactivity level of cement made from fly ash should be intensified for avoiding unnecessary radiation exposure to residents.
Journal: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Volume 99, June 2014, Pages 62–67