|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1904462||1534638||2016||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Halofuginone promotes cell-cycle activity of satellite cells in dystrophic myofibers.
• Halofuginone's promotion of satellite cell-cycle activity is mediated by MAPK/ERK.
• Halofuginone increases the survival of dysf−/− myoblasts and myofibers.
• Halofuginone's inhibitory effect on muscle cell apoptosis is mediated by PI3K/Akt.
• Halofuginone directly ameliorates the pathology of the dystrophic muscle.
Halofuginone is a leading agent in preventing fibrosis and inflammation in various muscular dystrophies. We hypothesized that in addition to these actions, halofuginone directly promotes the cell-cycle events of satellite cells in the mdx and dysf−/− mouse models of early-onset Duchenne muscular dystrophy and late-onset dysferlinopathy, respectively. In both models, addition of halofuginone to freshly prepared single gastrocnemius myofibers derived from 6-week-old mice increased BrdU incorporation at as early as 18 h of incubation, as well as phospho-histone H3 (PHH3) and MyoD protein expression in the attached satellite cells, while having no apparent effect on myofibers derived from wild-type mice. BrdU incorporation was abolished by an inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase, suggesting involvement of this pathway in mediating halofuginone's effects on cell-cycle events. In cultures of myofibers and myoblasts isolated from dysf−/− mice, halofuginone reduced Bax and induced Bcl2 expression levels and induced Akt phosphorylation in a time-dependent manner. Addition of an inhibitor of the phosphinositide-3-kinase/Akt pathway reversed the halofuginone-induced cell survival, suggesting this pathway's involvement in mediating halofuginone's effects on survival. Thus, in addition to its known role in inhibiting fibrosis and inflammation, halofuginone plays a direct role in satellite cell activity and survival in muscular dystrophies, regardless of the mutation. These actions are of the utmost importance for improving muscle pathology and function in muscular dystrophies.
Journal: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease - Volume 1862, Issue 1, January 2016, Pages 1–11