|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|1952205||1057191||2011||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluRs) are non-selective cation channels permeable to calcium, present in animals and plants. In mammals, glutamate is a well-known neurotransmitter and recently has been recognized as an immunomodulator. As animals and plants share common mechanisms that govern innate immunity with calcium playing a key role in plant defence activation, we have checked the involvement of putative iGluRs in plant defence signaling. Using tobacco cells, we first provide evidence supporting the activity of iGluRs as calcium channels and their involvement in NO production as reported in animals. Thereafter, iGluRs were shown to be activated in response to cryptogein, a well studied elicitor of defence response, and partly responsible for cryptogein-induced NO production. However, other cryptogein-induced calcium-dependent events including anion efflux, H2O2 production, MAPK activation and hypersensitive response (HR) did not depend on iGluRs indicating that different calcium channels regulate different processes at the cell level. We have also demonstrated that cryptogein induces efflux of glutamate in the apoplast by exocytosis. Taken together, our results demonstrate for the first time, an involvement of a putative iGluR in plant defence signaling and NO production, by mechanisms that show homology with glutamate mode of action in mammals.
► Glutamate Receptors (GluRs) are involved in cryptogein-induced plant defence signaling.
► Glutamate and cryptogein induced a calcium influx and a [Ca2+]cyt elevation through GluRs.
► GluRs are involved in NO production.
► Cryptogein induces an extracellular glutamate release sensitive to exocytosis inhibitors.
► Data highlight the similarities between plants and animals in signaling pathways involving GluRs.
Journal: Biochimie - Volume 93, Issue 12, December 2011, Pages 2095–2101