|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|201130||460533||2016||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
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For the development and design of industrial processes the reliable knowledge of thermophysical properties, in particular phase equilibria is most important. Assuming that 1000 components are of technical interest, vapor-liquid equilibrium data for approximately 500,000 binary systems are needed to fit all required binary interaction parameters. Due to the fact that the measurement of all needed properties is nearly impossible, the process engineer depends on factual data banks.Besides the different phase equilibria, the Dortmund Data Bank as worldwide largest factual data bank for thermophysical properties contains nearly all worldwide available pure component, excess and transport properties. Although more than 66,300 binary VLE data sets for non-electrolyte systems are currently stored in the DDB, in total up to now VLE data for only 13,540 different binary systems are available. The reason is that some systems are very popular and were measured very often, e.g. ammonia – water, ethanol-water and so on. When the 1000 most important components are considered, VLE data for only 8635 binary systems are available. This means for only 1.73% of the systems the required binary interaction parameters can be fitted. Since the assumption of ideal behavior for the missing binary systems can be very erroneous and measurements are very time consuming, predictive group contribution models can be successfully applied to estimate the missing thermophysical properties.To cover sub- and supercritical conditions, group contribution equations of state have to be applied. They automatically take into account both phases and can be used up to high pressures and supercritical conditions. This allows for example the calculation of phase envelopes. Furthermore, the introduction of Henry coefficients for gaseous compounds is not required. At the same time, enthalpies, heat capacities, densities and so on can be predicted. Today the most sophisticated group contribution equation of state is the volume translated Peng-Robinson group contribution equation of state VTPR. In this paper, typical applications of VTPR for process development are shown and new parameters for 24 additional group combinations are given.
Journal: Fluid Phase Equilibria - Volume 425, 15 October 2016, Pages 443–450