|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|216609||1426329||2007||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
To obtain reliable thermodynamic data for Na2S(s), solid-state EMF measurements of the cell Pd(s)|O2(g)|Na2S(s), Na2SO4(s)|YSZ| Fe(s), FeO(s)|O2(g)ref| Pd(s) were carried out in the temperature range 870 < T/K < 1000 with yttria stabilized zirconia as the solid electrolyte. The measured EMF values were fitted according to the equation Efit/V (±0.00047) = 0.63650 − 0.00584732(T/K) + 0.00073190(T/K) ln (T/K). From the experimental results and the available literature data on Na2SO4(s), the equilibrium constant of formation for Na2S(s) was determined to be lg Kf(Na2S(s)) (±0.05) = 216.28 − 4750(T/K)−1 − 28.28878 ln (T/K). Gibbs energy of formation for Na2S(s) was obtained as ΔfG∘(Na2S(s))/(kJ · mol−1) (±1.0) = 90.9 − 4.1407(T/K) + 0.5415849(T/K) ln (T/K). By applying third law analysis of the experimental data, the standard enthalpy of formation of Na2S(s) was evaluated to be ΔfH∘(Na2S(s), 298.15 K)/(kJ · mol−1) (±1.0) = −369.0. Using the literature data for Cp and the calculated ΔfH∘, the standard entropy was evaluated to S∘(Na2S(s), 298.15 K)/(J · mol−1 · K−1) (±2.0) = 97.0.
Journal: The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics - Volume 39, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 44–48