|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2638063||1563477||2015||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
BackgroundAn episode of breakthrough bacteremia, which was defined as positive blood cultures despite appropriate antibiotic therapy, imposes a treatment challenge in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).MethodsAll episodes of breakthrough bacteremia from a tertiary level NICU in Taiwan between 2004 and 2011 were analyzed and compared with nonbreakthrough bacteremia.ResultsBreakthrough bacteremia was identified in 7.6% (72/942) of neonatal bacteremia, and 43 (59.7%) occurred as recurrent episodes. Gram-negative organisms (41.7%) and fungi (15.3%) accounted for more than half of all microorganisms in breakthrough bacteremia. Compared with nonbreakthrough bacteremia, breakthrough bacteremia was significantly associated with more severe disease, was more likely to require aggressive therapies, and had a higher rate of infectious complications. Previous use of broad-spectrum antibiotics (odds ratio [OR], 7.54; P < .001) and particular microbial etiologies (Pseudomonas aeruginosa: OR, 4.40; P = .025; fungi: OR, 2.70; P = .013) were independent risk factors for developing breakthrough bacteremia. The crude sepsis-attributable mortality rate was greater in breakthrough bacteremia episodes (16.7% vs 6.4%; P = .004), and this condition was independently associated with an increased risk of death (OR, 2.14; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-4.40; P = .040).ConclusionBreakthrough bacteremia is not uncommon (7.6% of all bacteremia) in NICUs and represents a more severe form of neonatal bacteremia that is independently associated with an increased risk of death.
Journal: American Journal of Infection Control - Volume 43, Issue 1, 1 January 2015, Pages 20–25