کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
283848 509118 2016 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Reducing waste to landfill: A need for cultural change in the UK construction industry
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
کاهش ضایعات در محل دفن: نیاز به تغییر فرهنگی در صنعت ساخت و ساز انگلستان
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تولید محتوا
با 10 درصد تخفیف ویژه دانشیاری
کلمات کلیدی
ساخت و ساز زباله. همکاری؛ رفتار ضایعات. نوآوری ساخت و ساز؛ محل های دفن زباله. فرهنگ؛ انتشار نوآوری؛ تهیه
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه سایر رشته های مهندسی مهندسی عمران و سازه
چکیده انگلیسی


• The study explores cultural factors that enhance waste generation in construction industry.
• Result confirms that there is culture of waste behaviour in the industry.
• Non-collaborative culture, blame culture and belief in waste inevitability need change.
• Starting construction with incomplete document is a waste inducing culture.
• Conservatism and resistance to innovation hinders waste management innovation.

Owing to its contribution of largest portion of landfill wastes and consumption of about half of mineral resources excavated from nature, construction industry has been pressed to improve its sustainability. Despite an adoption of several waste management strategies, and introduction of various legislative measures, reducing waste generated by the industry remains challenging. In order to understand cultural factors contributing to waste intensiveness of the industry, as well as those preventing effectiveness of existing waste management strategies, this study examines cultural profile of construction industry. Drawing on four focus group discussions with industry experts, the study employs phenomenological approach to explore waste inducing cultural factors.Combining findings from phenomenological research with extant literatures, the study suggests that in order to reduce waste intensiveness of the construction industry, five waste inducing cultural factors need to be changed. These include (i) “make-do” understanding that usually result in “make-do waste” (ii) non-collaborative culture, which results in reworks and other forms of wasteful activities (iii) blame culture, which encourages shifting of waste preventive responsibilities between designers and contractors, (iv) culture of waste behaviour, which encourages belief in waste inevitability, and (v) conservatism, which hinders diffusion of innovation across the industry. Changing these sets of cultural and behavioural activities is not only important for engendering waste management practices; they are requisite for effectiveness of existing strategies. Improvement in the identified areas is also required for overall improvement and general resource efficiency of the construction industry. Thus, this paper advocates cultural shift as a means of reducing waste landfilled by the construction industry, thereby enhancing sustainability and profitability of the industry.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of Building Engineering - Volume 5, March 2016, Pages 185–193
نویسندگان
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