|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|31489||44803||2016||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Fatty acids that are chemically functionalized at their ω-ends are rare in nature yet offer unique chemical and physical properties with wide ranging industrial applications as feedstocks for bio-based polymers, lubricants and surfactants. Two enzymatic determinants control this ω-group functionality, the availability of an appropriate acyl-CoA substrate for initiating fatty acid biosynthesis, and a fatty acid synthase (FAS) variant that can accommodate that substrate in the initial condensation reaction of the process. In Type II FAS, 3-ketoacyl-ACP synthase III (KASIII) catalyses this initial condensation reaction. We characterized KASIIIs from diverse bacterial sources, and identified variants with novel substrate specificities towards atypical acyl-CoA substrates, including 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA. Using Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius KASIII, we demonstrate the in vivo diversion of FAS to produce novel ω-1 hydroxy-branched fatty acids from glucose in two bioengineered microbial hosts. This study unveils the biocatalytic potential of KASIII for synthesizing diverse ω-functionalized fatty acids.
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 35, May 2016, Pages 9–20