کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی نسخه تمام متن
350533 618450 2014 11 صفحه PDF دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Improving learning from animated soccer scenes: Evidence for the expertise reversal effect
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
بهبود یادگیری از صحنه های متحرک فوتبال: شواهد اثر انحصاری مهارت
کلمات کلیدی
نظریه بار شناختی، طرح های آموزشی، تصاویر متحرک، دانش قبلی، فوتبال
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی کامپیوتر نرم افزارهای علوم کامپیوتر
چکیده انگلیسی


• Strategies to manage cognitive load imposed by animations were designed.
• Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the designed strategies.
• Results suggest that the effectiveness of strategies depend on the level of expertise.
• Recommendations to integrate or avoid these strategies in instruction are presented.

In two experiments, we investigated how animation of play (soccer) should be designed in order to avoid the high cognitive load due to the fleeting nature of information. Using static pictures and altering the animation’s presentation speed have been proposed as instructional strategies to reduce learners’ cognitive load. In the first experiment, we tested the effect of static vs. animated presentations on learning. The results indicated that novices benefited more from the static presentation whereas experts benefited more from the animated presentation. The second experiment investigated the effect of low vs. normal vs. high levels of presentation speed on learning. The results showed that novices profited more from the low presentation speed while experts profited more from the normal and high presentation speeds. Thus both experiments demonstrated the occurrences of the expertise reversal effect. Findings suggest that the effectiveness of instructional strategies depends on levels of soccer players’ expertise.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Computers in Human Behavior - Volume 35, June 2014, Pages 339–349
نویسندگان
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