|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4480835||1623066||2016||21 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Five geotracer based models are used to quantify SGD in 2005 and 2011.
• Groundwater borne nutrient is predominate nutrient source in the studied area.
• SGD derived DIP enhances red tide occurrences.
• Red tide occurrences response to climatological parameters via SGD.
Multiple tracers, including radium quartet, 222Rn and silica are used to quantify submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) into Tolo Harbor, Hong Kong in 2005 and 2011. Five geotracer models based on the end member model of 228Ra and salinity and mass balance models of 226Ra, 228Ra, 222Rn, and silica were established and all the models lead to an estimate of the SGD rate of the same order of magnitude. In 2005 and 2011, respectively, the averaged SGD based on these models is estimated to be ≈ 5.42 cm d−1 and ≈2.66 cm d−1, the SGD derived DIN loadings to be 3.5 × 105 mol d−1 and 1.5 × 105 mol d−1, and DIP loadings to be 6.2 × 103 mol d−1 and 1.1 × 103 mol d−1. Groundwater borne nutrients are 1–2 orders of magnitude larger than other nutrient sources and the interannual variation of nutrient concentration in the embayment is more influenced by the SGD derived loadings. Annual DIP concentrations in the harbor water is positively correlated with the precipitation and annual mean tidal range, and negatively correlated with evapotranspiration from 2000 to 2013. Climatologically driven SGD variability alters the SGD derived DIP loadings in this phosphate limited environment and may be the causative factor of interannual variability of red tide outbreaks from 2000 to 2013. Finally, a conceptual model is proposed to characterize the response of red tide outbreaks to climatological factors linked by SGD. The findings from this study shed light on the prediction of red tide outbreaks and coastal management of Tolo Harbor and similar coastal embayments elsewhere.
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Journal: Water Research - Volume 102, 1 October 2016, Pages 11–31