کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5031313 1470933 2018 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
A facile one-step method for cell lysis and DNA extraction of waterborne pathogens using a microchip
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه شیمی شیمی آنالیزی یا شیمی تجزیه
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
A facile one-step method for cell lysis and DNA extraction of waterborne pathogens using a microchip
چکیده انگلیسی


- Rapid, portable, and simplistic method to fabricate the microchip using template assisted soft lithography.
- In-situ modification of LSMO nanoparticles with chitosan to render the charge from negative to positive.
- One step facile and reproducible process for extracting better quality of DNA using mechanical vibrations.

Globally, waterborne organisms are the primary causative agents for the transmission of various forms of diarrheal diseases. For accurate diagnosis, molecular tools have gained considerable attention in the recent past. Molecular tools require DNA as the starting material for diagnosis, and hence, a prerequisite is the quality and integrity of DNA. To obtain high quality DNA rapidly, we have fabricated a microchip in poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) by soft lithography process. The microchip facilitated in-flow coating of chitosan on the magnetic nanoparticles, which under external mechanical vibration caused cell lysis and released DNA in the supernatant. The released DNA was captured by the nanoparticles owing to its positive charge (chitosan coating). The magnetic nanoparticle-DNA complex was then isolated from the in-flow matrix using permanent magnet, Further, removal of the cell debris, proteins, and carbohydrates was done using wash buffer. DNA extracted using the microchip was pure with absorbance (260/280) ratio of 1.77±0.04, as compared to 1.79±0.03 obtained by TRIzol method. The complete isolation of the DNA using the microchip took ~ 15 min as against>2 h with a TRIzol method. Six gram-negative waterborne pathogens were used to demonstrate the efficacy of the microchip based DNA extraction process. The integrity of the isolated DNA was assessed by amplifying the 16S rRNA gene using Com1 and Com2 universal primers. The presence of a band at 407 bp on gel electrophoresis confirmed the amplified product. Further, the gel image was used for quantification of the amplified product using ImageJ software. Higher regression values obtained using microchip confirmed better quality and integrity of the extracted DNA as opposed to the conventional method. The lower (<2%) relative standard deviation values obtained from the data suggested that the microchip process was reproducible. The quality and integrity of the obtained DNA proved the simplicity, rapidity, and sensitivity of the microchip-assisted DNA extraction process.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Volume 99, 15 January 2018, Pages 62-69
نویسندگان
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