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- Direct detection of unamplified HCV RNA in clinical samples.
- The Biosensor platform is dependent on the RNA folding behavior.
- The developed platform is qualitative, quantitative, and independent on the pH and/or the source of the sample.
- The biosensor platform could be easily automated.
- First time to use gold nanoparticles in inducing aggregation of gold nanoparticles for unamplified nucleic acids detection and quantification.
The affordable and reliable detection of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) RNA is a cornerstone in the management and control of infection, affecting approximately 3% of the global population. However, the existing technologies are expensive, labor intensive and time consuming, posing significant limitations to their wide-scale exploitation, particularly in economically deprived populations. Here, we utilized the unique optical and physicochemical properties of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to develop a novel assay platform shown to be rapid and robust in sensing and quantifying unamplified HCV RNA in clinical samples. The assay is based on inducing aggregation of citrate AuNPs decorated with a specific nucleic acid probe. Two types of cationic AuNPs, cysteamine and CTAB capped, were compared to achieve maximum assay performance. The technology is simple, rapid, cost effective and quantitative with 93.3% sensitivity, high specificity and detection limit of 4.57Â IU/Âµl. Finally, our data suggest that RNA folding impact the aggregation behavior of the functionalized AuNPs, with broader applications in other nucleic acid detection technologies.
Journal: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Volume 92, 15 June 2017, Pages 349-356