کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5119208 1485822 2017 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Bang for the buck: Toward a rapid assessment of urban public transit from multiple perspectives in North America
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
انفجار برای بک: به ارزیابی سریع حمل و نقل عمومی شهری از دیدگاه های مختلف در شمال امریکا
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت
کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم انسانی و اجتماعی علوم اجتماعی جغرافیا، برنامه ریزی و توسعه
چکیده انگلیسی


- We assess public transit performance in the largest North American cities.
- We consider key outcomes/trade-offs for transit users, society and transit agencies.
- We use simple metrics based on publicly available data.
- Agencies vary widely in achieving and reconciling key outcomes and trade-offs.
- The same agencies generally perform well (or badly) in this regard, and overall.

We present a rapid assessment - using simple metrics based on publicly available data- of how effectively public transit agencies achieve key outcomes, and reconcile trade-offs among these outcomes, from the perspective of transit users, society and the agencies, in the largest 14 cities in North America with a population greater than three million. We assess the trade-offs among service quality, incorporating accessibility, service frequency, and comfort (which are important for transit users); transit ridership per capita (reflecting the society perspective); financial viability from the agency perspective; and affordability of fares for minimum-wage earners. We also assess the overall performance of transit in these cities, considering these perspectives in an integrated manner. Agencies vary widely in achieving and reconciling the above outcomes and trade-offs. Generally speaking, however, agencies that perform well (or badly) on one of these objectives and trade-offs also perform well (or badly) on the others, and in terms of overall transit performance. Finally, we discuss how our assessment may be improved upon, including in terms of better and more nuanced measures, in future work. We suggest that metrics be assessed uniformly and reported regularly across transit agencies, to track and reliably compare their performance over time; and that it would be desirable to understand how transit users and decision makers weigh the relative importance of key objectives, and to incorporate this understanding in assessments of transit performance.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Transport Policy - Volume 55, April 2017, Pages 51-61
نویسندگان
, , ,
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت