کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5471797 1519500 2017 13 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Nitrogen-oxide emissions from diesel-engine farm tractors during real-life cycles and their correlation with the not-to-exceed operating zones
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
انتشار اکسید نیتروژن از تراکتور مزرعه دیزلی در طول عمر واقعی و همبستگی آن با مناطق تجاوز نمی شود
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه سایر رشته های مهندسی کنترل و سیستم های مهندسی
چکیده انگلیسی
A methodology is introduced to help provide a better understanding of how real-life factors influence emissions from tractors by determining: engine speed vs. load for modes in which tractors most often operate in farms; the operating time for tractor engines in load vs. speed modes that fall into the range of exhaust gas not-to-exceed (NTE) control zones; NOx emissions during tractor real-life cycles, and the quantities emitted by engines when operating in NTE zone. Real-life operating times were calculated and broken down by engine operating modes and NOx emissions by referring to load profile databases accumulated in the control processors of tractor engines. Tests showed that for the ten farm tractors studied (Massey Ferguson 6499), they operated with engine operating modes that fell into the NTE zone for only about 51% of their total real-life operating times and in that mode emitted 60.1% of the total NOx gases emitted during the whole of their operation. Most of the tractors (∼76%) emitted NOx during engine loads above 50% of the maximum torque (Tmax), 21.6% at loads between 30 and 50% of Tmax, and only 2.3% in loads up to 30% of the Tmax. The most significant amount of NOx emitted during the real-life cycles occurred when the tested engines operated in a cyclic fuel injection mode with 10-20 mg cycle−1 and engine speeds of 700-1100 rpm. The data acquired using this method could help farmers operate tractors in a more rational and environmental modes.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Biosystems Engineering - Volume 161, September 2017, Pages 93-105
نویسندگان
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