کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5671209 1592818 2017 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Improving the energy balance of grass-based anaerobic digestion through combined harvesting and pretreatment
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
بهبود توازن انرژی هضم بی هوازی بر پایه چمن از طریق جمع آوری و پیشگیری
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری ایمنی شناسی و میکروب شناسی میکروب شناسی
چکیده انگلیسی


- The methane production from different grass silages was examined.
- The chemical composition of grass altered at different stages of crop development.
- Mechanical pretreatment at harvesting improved the biodegradability of silages.
- Excoriator increased the methane yield by 10% compared to an ordinary Disc-mower.
- The overall energy balance can be improved due to harvesting with Excoriator.

An important challenge that has to be addressed to achieve sustainable anaerobic digestion of lignocellulosic substrates is the development of energy and cost efficient pretreatment methods. Technologies orientated to simultaneously harvest and mechanically pretreat the biomass at the field could meet these criteria as they can potentially reduce the energy losses. The objective of this study was to elucidate the effect of two full-scale harvesting machines to enhance the biogas production and subsequently, improve energy balance. The performances of Disc-mower and Excoriator were assessed on meadow and cultivated grass silages. The results showed that relatively high methane production can be achieved from meadow and cultivated grass harvested in different seasons. The findings indicated that the bioenergy production can be improved based on the selection of the appropriate harvesting technology. More specifically, Excoriator, which cuts and subsequently applies shearing forces on harvested biomass, enhanced the methane production up to 10% and the overall energy budget was improved proportionally to the driving speed increase.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Anaerobe - Volume 46, August 2017, Pages 131-137
نویسندگان
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