کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5748453 1619032 2017 8 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Full length articleGlucuronide and sulfate conjugates of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA): Chemical synthesis and correlation between their urinary levels and plasma TBBPA content in voluntary human donors
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم محیط زیست شیمی زیست محیطی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Full length articleGlucuronide and sulfate conjugates of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA): Chemical synthesis and correlation between their urinary levels and plasma TBBPA content in voluntary human donors
چکیده انگلیسی


- The first report on the synthesis & purification of Phase II metabolites of TBBPA.
- Reveals correlations among TBBPA and its metabolites in human plasma and urine.
- Contributes to the establishment of convenient TBBPA population exposure markers.

3,3′,5,5′-Tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBPA) is an important brominated flame retardant in epoxy, vinyl esters and polycarbonate resins. Previous studies have already shown the occurrence of its Phase II metabolites, TBBPA-glucuronide and sulfate conjugates, in human urine, after oral administration of TBBPA. The main objective of this work is to examine correlations among level of TBBPA in human blood and those of its Phase II metabolites in human urine. Four water-soluble TBBPA conjugates were synthesized, purified and characterized. An analytical protocol using solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (SPE-LC-MS/MS) quantification was developed for the simultaneous analysis of these glucuronide and sulfate conjugates in human urine samples. TBBPA and its Phase II metabolites in paired human plasma and urine samples collected randomly from 140 voluntary donors in Hong Kong SAR, China, were determined. One or more TBBPA conjugates were detected in all of the urine samples, with concentration ranging from 0.19 to 127.24 μg g− 1-creatinine. TBBPA was also quantified in > 85% of the plasma and urine samples. Strong correlations were observed between TBBPA content in plasma and the total amount of TBBPA-related compounds in urine.

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Environment International - Volume 98, January 2017, Pages 46-53
نویسندگان
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