کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5750138 1619690 2018 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Impact of urban chemical pollution on water quality in small, rural and effluent-dominated Mediterranean streams and rivers
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تاثیر آلودگی شیمیایی شهری بر کیفیت آب در جریانات و رودخانه های مدیترانه، روستایی و فاضلاب مدیترانه ای
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم محیط زیست شیمی زیست محیطی
چکیده انگلیسی


- Effluent-dominated streams showed higher concentration levels of pharmaceuticals.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were the most ubiquitous compounds detected.
- Travel time is an important factor affecting the in-stream attenuation of pharmaceuticals.
- After 100 min of travel time concentrations equalized with the background concentrations.

The impact and occurrence of wastewater (treated and untreated) derived pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) have been investigated in small, rural and effluent-dominated tributaries of the lower Ebro River located in the North-Eastern Spain (Catalonia). We have observed the predominant effect of stream flow and consequently dilution factor on the concentration levels of detected PhACs that combined with the absence of wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) resulted in 12 times higher concentrations in streams with direct discharge of untreated wastewater. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were the most ubiquitous compounds, in terms of both individual concentration and frequency of detection. In the sites impacted by raw wastewater, acetaminophen and ibuprofen showed the highest concentrations among all analyzed PhACs, reaching concentrations up to 7.78 μg L− 1 and 2.66 μg L− 1, respectively. However, PhACs detected in the sites impacted by treated wastewater showed generally lower concentration levels and frequencies of detection. Also, effluent-dominated streams showed higher concentration levels of PhACs due to a generally lower stream flows and small dilution factors. However, concentration levels of detected PhACs were dependent on the hydraulic travel time and distance from the discharge point and related with the in-stream attenuation. As a result, this study highlights the combined impact of hydrological and chemical stressors on the water quality of the rural Mediterranean aquatic ecosystems.

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ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Science of The Total Environment - Volumes 613–614, 1 February 2018, Pages 763-772
نویسندگان
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