کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6376112 1624844 2015 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Variability of seed quality traits in wild and semi-wild accessions of castor collected in Spain
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تغییرات صفات کیفیت دانه در گونه های وحشی و نیمه وحشی کاستور جمع آوری شده در اسپانیا
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری علوم کشاورزی و بیولوژیک علوم زراعت و اصلاح نباتات
چکیده انگلیسی


- Seeds of 121 wild and semi-wild castor populations were collected in Spain.
- The accessions were grown in two locations.
- Seed weight, oil, fatty acids, tocopherols and phytosterols were analyzed.
- Great variability was identified for most of the traits.
- The germplasm collection has great potential for oil quality improvement in castor

The Mediterranean Basin is an important center of diversity for castor (Ricinus communis L.). We conducted seed collections from 121 wild and semi-wild (feral) populations growing in southern and eastern provinces of Spain. The objective of this research was to evaluate seed weight, oil content, fatty acid profile, and tocopherol and phytosterol contents and profiles in this germplasm collection at different environments. The seeds collected in the source locations as well as those produced in seed increases conducted in Córdoba (southern Spain) and Murcia (southeastern Spain) were analyzed. Analysis of variance considering three locations (source location, Córdoba, Murcia) and the genotypes was conducted. The contribution of genotype to total variation was particularly high for hundred-seed weight (89.8% of total sums of squares) and concentrations of Δ5-avenasterol (85.4%) and β-sitosterol (79.2%). Large variability was identified for most of the traits. The ranges of variation, averaged from data of at least two environments, were 11.6-59.1 g for hundred-seed weight, 44.6-54.8% for oil content, 99.6-282.0 mg kg−1 seed kernel for tocopherol content, 27.4-50.5% for the concentration of δ-tocopherol, 1090-2865 mg kg−1 seed for phytosterol content, and 15.1-54.1% for the concentration of Δ5-avenasterol. Little variation was found for fatty acid profile. One accession (ALM-2011-37) showed exceptionally high phytosterol content and three accessions from the same locality (CAD-2010-26 through 28) had high levels of Δ5-avenasterol. The results emphasized the potential of wild and semi-wild germplasm for improving seed and oil quality in castor.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Industrial Crops and Products - Volume 65, March 2015, Pages 203-209
نویسندگان
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